NameArabic NameTransliterationIsolatedInitialMedialFinalPronunciation
ʾalifأَلِفā / ʾ (also â )car, cat
thāʾثَاءth (also ṯ )ثثــثــثthink
jīmجِيمj (also ǧ )ججــجــجgem
ḥāʾحَاءḥ (also ḩ )ححــحــحguttural h like "heart"
khāʾخَاءkh (also ḫ, ḵ, ẖ )خخــخــخScottish: loch
dhālذَالdh (also ḏ )ذذـذـذthat
rāʾرَاءrررـرـرSpanish: perro
zāy / zaynزَايzززـزـزzebra
shīnشِينsh (also š )ششــشــشshin
ṣādصَادṣ (also ş )صصــصــصlike "sauce" with the throat constricted
ḍādضَادḍ (also ḑ )ضضــضــضlike "dawn" with the throat constricted
ṭāʾطَاءṭ (also ţ )ططــطــطlike "stall" with the throat constricted
ẓāʾظَاءẓ (also z̧ )ظظــظــظlike "father" with the throat constricted
ʿaynعَيْنʿععــعــعguttural h like "heart"
ghaynغَيْنgh (also ġ, ḡ )غغــغــغSpanish: higo
qāfقَافqققــقــقlike "caught" pronounced in the back of the mouth.
kāfكَافkككــكـ ـكcap
wāwوَاوw / ū / ∅ووـوـوwet, pool
yāʾيَاءy / īييــيــيYoshi, meet
hamzahهَمْزةʾءءءءa glottal stop like "uh-oh"
ʾalif hamzahأَلِف هَمْزةʾأإـأـإa glottal stop like "uh-oh"
wāw hamzahوَاو هَمْزةʾؤؤـؤـؤa glottal stop like "uh-oh"
yāʾ hamzahيَاء هَمْزةʾئئــئــئa glottal stop like "uh-oh"
ʾalif maddahأَلِف مَدَّةʾāآآـآـآ

About Arabic Alphabet Chart

Arabic alphabet chart is an interactive table that helps English speakers learn the Arabic alphabet.

Learning a new alphabet is difficult, and the Arabic alphabet can be particularly challenging for English speakers given how different the languages are. Our Arabic Alphabet Chart makes learning easier by giving you a clean interface where you can focus in on what you’re learning.

How to use Arabic Alphabet Chart


Hover over a row to highlight a specific letter.

Toggle Columns

Use the ‘+’ toggle to hide/unhide columns so you can focus on particular letters, or even test your knowledge.

Send Us Feedback

Let us know what you want. Do you have suggestions for other features? Or wish there was additional language information on the site? We’ve worked hard to keep this tool as clean and as user friendly as possible, and we would love to hear your feedback on anything at all. You can even reach out just to say hi! You can reach us at


Arabic Alphabet Chart is a Progressive Web App, meaning you can download the tool and use it on your phone like any other app.

But it’s better than a native app because we don’t take up memory, we don’t track your information or location, and we don’t track your access your other apps. It just sits on your phone ready for you to use whenever you want!